BLOG. General Exports from USA

June 18, 2019

Exporting from the USA


In this Blog, we are going to talk about exporting general cargo from the USA. This covers all cargo other than Household Goods and Dangerous Goods shipped by an individual or a company.  Select a carrier (Dove Shipping offers great rates!) and make sure that your forwarder will file the AES (Export clearance). The cargo must be packed for export – if LCL (consolidated freight) be sure to follow the Wood Packing requirements and your shipment is held together by bands or shrink wrap. The pallet or crate must be marked with your booking number, final destination and name of the consignee.

Whether you are shipping a full container or consolidated freight you will need to supply the follow documents:

Commercial Invoice with Incoterms

Packing List

Shippers Letter of Instruction (SLI) 


Make sure that you include on the above documents the consignee’s full address, phone number, contact name and full broker information if they have one.

You, as the shipper, are responsible for all the information that is transmitted to US Customs and Manifested onboard the vessel so please make sure that the information is accurate.

If the value is over $2500 then you will have to fill out a power of attorney or a letter of authorization for your selected forwarder so they can file the export customs clearance on your behalf.  You will have to supply an EIN number, Foreign Passport Number or a DUNS (Dunn & Bradstreet Number)

There is a law that was put into effect a few years ago to help protect your social security numberand this law forces an individual to get an EIN number. It is a very simple process that can be completed online.  Find information how here. This only applies to shipments that are valued over $2500.

Here is a link to CBP for more information on exporting from the USA

Guide to Exporting from the USA  (for companies)

There are certain commodities that require a license to export (EAR99). A key in determining whether an export license is needed from the Department of Commerce is finding out if the item you intend to export has a specific Export Control Classification Number (ECCN). ECCNs are five character alpha-numeric designations used on the Commerce Control List (CCL) to identify dual-use items for export control purposes.  An ECCN categorizes items based on the nature of the product, i.e. type of commodity, software, or technology and its respective technical parameters.

An ECCN is different from a Schedule B number, which is used by the Bureau of Census to collect trade statistics. It is also different from the Harmonized Tariff System Nomenclature, which is used to determine import duties.

If your item falls under the jurisdiction of the U.S. Department of Commerce and is not listed on the CCL, it is designated as EAR99. The majority of commercial products are designated EAR99 and generally will not require a license to be exported or reexported. However, if you plan to export an EAR99 item to an embargoed or sanctioned country, to a party of concern, or in support of a prohibited end-use, you may be required to obtain a license.

To obtain further assistance regarding the ECCN of your product, see our or review the “How to Request an ECCN” brochure.

Commerce Control List (CCL)

The Commerce Control List is listed in the Export Administration Regulations and includes such "dual use" items as commodities, software and technology which are subject to the export licensing authority of the BXA.  

The CCL is divided into ten categories and numbered as follows:
0) Nuclear Materials, Facilities, Equipment and Miscellaneous  
1) Materials, Chemicals, "Microorganisms," and Toxins
2) Materials Processing
3) Electronics
4) Computers
5) Telecommunications and Information Security
6) Lasers and Sensors
7) Navigation and Avionics
8) Marine
9) Propulsion Systems, Space Vehicles, and Related Equipment

Five Product Groups

A. Systems, Equipment and Components
B. Test, Inspection and Production Equipment
C. Material
D. Software
E. Technology

I know that it can be overwhelming, however, a good freight forwarder can look at your packing list and determine what will be required to ship your goods in compliance with US Customs.

Doing your own trucking may be cheaper than having your forwarder do it, so check pricing to compare.

Call Dove shipping today for quotes or advice on international shipping. 281-328-4100

Sue Fitzgerald

General Manager

[email protected]


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